How to Prevent Colorectal Cancer
In 2012 almost 1.4 million people worldwide have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, becoming the third most common type of cancer in the world.
Colorectal cancer usually affects people older than 60, who have a family history of colon cancer, colorectal polyps, inflammatory bowel disease or some genetic alterations.
As with any type of cancer, we can do something to prevent colorectal cancer. Although some cancer risk factors cannot be avoided, such as genetics, family history or age, there are still some steps we can take to significantly reduce the chances of developing the disease.
1. limit alcohol intake
2. quit smoking
3. increase physical activity
4. choose a diet low in animal fat
5. eat lots of vegetable and fruits
6. talk to your doctor about the benefits of several supplements and medicines, such as calcium, aspirin, selenium and vitamin D in preventing colorectal cancer
7. have regular colorectal screening tests
8. keep your body weight within normal limits
9. in extreme situations, when the patient has inherited adenomatous polyposis or suffered from inflammatory bowel disease, the medic might recommend the removal of the entire colon and rectum in order to prevent colorectal cancer
By detecting the colorectal cancer in its early stages you significantly increase your chances of fighting with the disease and of survival. Therefore, pay attention to the most common symptoms, such as blood in your stools, abdominal pain, change in your normal bowel habits (constipation, diarrhea), unintended weight loss, fatigue, vomiting or a feeling of bloating.
Your life is in your hands. Do not ignore any of these symptoms and go and have yourself screened immediately.
Categories: Cancer Treatment